Postgraduate Diploma in Ophthalmology
- The programme is designed specifically for Primary Care Physicians, and other healthcare professionals e.g. optometrists, nurses and orthoptists, to build on your existing knowledge, skills and experience and develop mastery in the clinical and service aspects of Ophthalmology.
- The Rila Institute of Health Sciences administers the programme, which is validated by Plymouth University
- This means that when you successfully complete all parts of the programme, you will receive the Plymouth University qualification of a Postgraduate Diploma in Ophthalmology, and may, if you wish, attend the graduation ceremony.
- You will enrol as a student of the Rila Institute of Health Sciences and will be registered with the University.
- Should you not complete the full programme, then you will be provided with a transcript recording the individual elements of the programme successfully completed.
Rila Institute of Health Sciences has developed a Postgraduate Diploma in Ophthalmology to be offered to students from UK and overseas.
- The programme has been designed specifically for Primary Care Physicians, Optometrists and Orthoptists wishing to gain experience in the management of clinical and service aspects of Ophthalmology.
- The course runs over approximately 9 to 11 months.
- The course integrates several components of learning. There are reading topics available on-line. Understanding of these core topics is assessed through a series of online Higher Order Thinking Questions.
- The reading topics i.e. resource learning material, which are specifically commissioned by Rila Institute of Health Sciences, cover the essential elements in developing core knowledge and skills in Ophthalmology.
- Workshop/lectures are held at the start of the course in the international regional centre, but usually in the UK. This is structured to include lectures and a one day workshop relevant to developing a sound basis for Ophthalmology.
- Workshop/lectures will also be held during the course.
- Assessment is partly by continuous assessment of the reading topics and mini-tests, both carried out on line. There will also be a final examination held in the international regional centre or UK.
Structure of the Postgraduate Certificate and Postgraduate Diploma:
- There are 3 modules leading to the Postgraduate Diploma level award.
- In each period of 5-7 days a particular topic (detailed in the programme calendar) is studied by way of a specially written article. Each topic is assessed by way of Higher Order Thinking Questions, for which there is a deadline date. A number of timed mini-exams are conducted online, and the student is strongly recommended to participate in this activity.
- Workshop/lectures, held in the international regional centre at the start of the each programme. This will provide tutorials, lectures and practical demonstrations.
- You will also have an opportunity to meet other doctors on the course and medical staff from the UK and overseas.
- There is a usually workshops during the course, depending on your programme of study and a final examination held at the international center or in UK.
- You will be expected to participate in the online clinical activity and will be graded by the online facilitator. You must attain a “satisfactory” grade.
Postgraduate Diploma comprises Modules 1, 2 and 3
Module 1: Core generic knowledge & skills
- Determinants of health
- Lifestyle factors in health
- Identification of risk factors
- Nutrition and health
- Breaking bad news.
Module 2: Advances in Ophthalmology
- Basic anatomy & physiology, ophthalmological history taking, red eye/conjunctivitis, acute angle closure glaucoma, acute anterior uveitis, cornea (infection, itchy & watery eyes), central retinal vein occlusion, central artery occlusion, amaurosis fugax/visual obscurations, retinal detachment, refractive errors, clinical assessment of cataract, preop cataract assessment, cataract surgery, postop cataract care, age related macular degeneration, primary open angle glaucoma, secondary glaucoma, visual fields (defects/recognition), ocular tumours, periocular lumps/bumps, diabetic eye disease (screening/diagnosis), treatment of diabetic eye disease, the eye & systemic disease, cranial verve palsies/botox, paediatric eye disease, congenital defects
Module 3: Clinical Practice in Ophthalmology
Clinical skills including the following amongst others:
a. Measurement of visual function:
- Snellen & reading vision
- Contrast sensitivity
- Peadiatric visual assessment
b. Visual fields & interpretation
- Automated tests (Humphrey VFA)
c. Intraocular pressure measurement
- Goldman, totnpen or pulsair
d. Adnexal assessment
- Lid position
e. Biometric assessment
- Measurement of spectacle prescription
- Understand a and b scan measurement
f. Slit lamp assessment
- Biomicroscopy including corneal assessment (+/- placido disc)
- Diagnostoc contact lens measurement
- Accessory lens examination (90D 78D superfield etc)
h. Screening for squint
- Corneal lit reflexes/cover test
- Ocular excursions
- Irrigation of chemical injury & assessment of pH
- Corneal foreign body removal +/- rust ring removal & eye pad application
- Sub tarsal foreign body removal
- Corneal scrape for infected ulcer
- Bandage contact lens supervision
- Lid taping for exposure/entropion
- Instillation of eye drops
- Syringing +/- Jones dye test
- Schirmers test for dry eyes
- Conjunctival swabs
- Removal of concentrations
- Approximately one half to one full day a week is recommended as being the suggested allocation time for the each of the programmes.
Minimum Requirements for the web learning aspects:
- A specific area of the Rila Institute of Health Sciences website is dedicated to the Postgraduate Diploma in Ophthalmology.
- You will be issued with a user name and password.
- You MUST have computer access to the internet and it will be your responsibility to ensure that this is the case.
- The website will provide facilities such as Forums, a Bulletin Board, online Chat Room etc.
- You will be provided with information on how to use the web site.
Participants admitted to this programme will need to meet following criteria:
- Be in possession of an MBBS or an equivalent medical degree from a WHO recognised institution
- Be in possession of a BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery)
- Be a healthcare professional with a suitable qualification and experience e.g. a post registration nurse working at a specialist/consultant/practitioner grade in ophthalmology or an Optometrist with an MCOptom or an Orthoptist with a BSc in orthoptics/Diploma in orthoptics.
- Others qualifications can be considered on a case by case basis.
- If the medical degree or other undergraduate qualification was not taught in the English language, a score of 6.5 in the British Council IELTS test (including a score of 5.5 or better in the written component), or equivalent qualification, will usually be required.
- Be in full or part time medical practice.
- Provide a satisfactory reference from a senior health care practitioner with knowledge of your work, such as a line manager, confirming your suitability to join the programme
Award of the Postgraduate Diploma:
- You are strongly recommended to complete the formative assessments related to each topic and the mini online exams. Try and attain at least 50% marks.
- The final examination, to be held in the central location, is mandatory for all students.
- The final examination MUST be passed for the Diploma (Modules 1, 2 and 3) to be awarded.
- The final examination consists of a paper based format of Higher Order Thinking Assessments (Single Best Option, Extended Matching Questions, and Clinical Quiz).
- The examiners are consultants and an external examiner(s) are appointed by Plymouth University.
- A failure of a re-sit in the final examination, results in the student being unable to be awarded the Diploma. The student will have to re-register for the course. A re-sit for the final examination requires an additional fee payment. For further details click here.
Recognition of the Certificate and Diploma:
- You, as a Medical Practitioner or healthcare professional, with the Diploma, will have greater confidence and knowledge to better manage your patients.
- Furthermore, you, as a Medical Practitioner or healthcare professional, will be further recognized and appreciated, by clinical colleagues, as having a special interest in Ophthalmology.
- The Postgraduate Diploma are academic qualifications.
The Diploma are accredited/validated as follows:
- Validated by Plymouth University – awarding institution
- Approved by the General Optical Council for Continuing Education and Training (CET)
- Plymouth University with whom the candidates are registered and who control the quality assurance and the award of the final diploma.
- UK and overseas based specialists in Ophthalmology, provide the content, curriculum and clinical guidance, and host the final examination.
- Rila Institute of Health Sciences, London, which is a collaborative organisation of the University, provides all administrative and logistical support to the course.